Unsafe and unfair working conditions
Many workers in Pakistan, particularly in the informal economy, are subject to poor working conditions,
such as lack of access to safe and clean working environments, lack of proper safety equipment, long
working hours, and low pay. These workers often face exploitation, harassment, and abuse from their
One of the major reasons behind these unsafe and unfair working conditions is the lack of proper
implementation and enforcement of labor laws. Employers often violate labor laws with impunity, and
there is little accountability for their actions. This lack of accountability can be attributed to a number of
factors, such as corruption, inadequate training and resources for labor inspectors, and weak judicial
Another factor that contributes to unsafe and unfair working conditions is the informal nature of many
jobs in Pakistan. Informal workers are not protected by labor laws, and they often lack bargaining power
to negotiate for better working conditions. This leaves them vulnerable to exploitation and abuse by
Furthermore, there is a lack of awareness among workers about their rights and the labor laws that
protect them. Many workers are not aware of the basic safety standards that should be in place in their
workplace, or of their right to form or join a labor union.
There is also a gender dimension to unsafe and unfair working conditions. Women workers in Pakistan
are often subject to discrimination and harassment in the workplace, and they are frequently employed
in low-paying and unsafe jobs. They are also often excluded from labor protections, such as paid
To address these issues, there needs to be a comprehensive effort to strengthen labor laws and ensure
their enforcement, as well as to increase awareness among workers of their rights. This will require
collaboration between the government, civil society organizations, employers, and workers themselves.
Additionally, there needs to be a focus on formalizing informal jobs and ensuring that all workers are
protected by labor laws.